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Nov. 11, 2015
UN agrees new global flight tracking procedures. Video Credit: Euronews
Identify aircraft around the world in 2017, it is the objective of the agreement sealed Wednesday in the UN.
The experts meeting at the World Radiocommunication Conference in Geneva (Switzerland) decided to allocate spectrum to satellites that can receive signals from aircraft. Today 70% of the land surface (oceans, deserts, mountains) does not allow this monitoring.
Concretely, experts gathered in Geneva decided to allocate the frequency band 1 087.7 to 1 092.3 MHz to the aeronautical mobile-satellite (Earth-to-space) for receiving satellite space stations by signal emissions called ADS-B (automatic dependent surveillance broadcast) from aircraft transmitters, the ITU (International Telecommunications Union) said in a statement. The information is then automatically sent to ground stations in charge of air traffic control.
Image above: ADS-B (automatic dependent surveillance broadcast) Air Traffic Management by satellites. Image Credit: ESA.
The agreement will be in place by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
After the still unsolved disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370, civil aviation authorities were under further pressure to adopt new tracking guidelines. These will include aircraft sending their position at least every 15 minutes, or more in case of emergency.
ADS-B Technologies Website: http://www.ads-b.com/
(PDF file) Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast (ADS-B): https://www.google.ch/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=7&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CEQQFjAGahUKEwjlnOqh6YnJAhWC0RQKHZpxC8o&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.airbus.com%2Ffileadmin%2Fmedia_gallery%2Ffiles%2Fbrochures_publications%2FFAST_magazine%2FFAST47_5-adsb.pdf&usg=AFQjCNG9y9Yf1d1eHZDhXR48BBEPwXv-6Q
Image (mentioned), Video (mentioned), Text, Credits: AFP/Euronews/Translation: Orbiter.ch Aerospace.