mardi 26 septembre 2017

New radiation research programme for human spaceflight












ESA - European Space Agency patch.

26 September 2017

ESA is announcing a new programme for conducting research into radiation and how to protect astronauts from space radiation. Teaming up with five particle accelerators in Europe, we are offering researchers slots to bombard samples with radiation.

Cosmic radiation is considered to be the main health hazard to human spaceflight and exploration of the Moon, Mars and beyond. Finding ways to limit the harmful effects are increasingly important as we embark on longer missions further from Earth.

Sunrise seen from Space Station highlighting our atmosphere

Our atmosphere protects us on the ground from the constant barrage of cosmic radiation, but venture 50 km up – the International Space Station circles at around 400 km – and the only thing protecting astronauts is the hull or their spacesuits. The longer the exposure, the higher the risk of developing cancer, central nervous system disorders, cardiovascular problems and tissue degeneration.

Typical forms of protection include lead shielding, magnetic fields and water, but these are impractical to incorporate in spacecraft, so space agencies are looking for alternatives.

Power up accelerator

By accelerating atomic particle to speeds approaching the speed of light, we can recreate cosmic radiation. Five particle accelerators are being used for this research programme, located in France, the Netherlands, Italy and two in Germany.

Particle accelerator

In this announcement of opportunity, which will remain open continuously, ESA is offering up to €50 000 for each proposal selected after a thorough peer review.

Jennifer Ngo-Anh, head of Human Research at ESA, says, “This is a brand new programme that will run for many years using the best facilities Europe has to offer. We expect many great research proposals and experiments and look forward to testing interesting ideas from the scientific community, putting Europe at the forefront of space radiation research.” 

Targets to receive the cosmic blast can include biological cells, but also materials that could be used to stop the radiation. This is where researchers are invited to suggest ideas for review.

The force that protects our planet

Results of such experiments will also have applications for life on Earth. Though well protected, humans are not immune from exposure. Data from these studies will inform us of risks of radiation exposure on Earth as well as improve radiation therapy for cancer treatment.

More information and how to apply can be found on the open research announcements page: http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Human_Spaceflight/Research/Research_Announcements

Related links:

Human health: http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Human_Spaceflight/Research/Human_health

International Space Station Benefits for Humanity: http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Human_Spaceflight/International_Space_Station_Benefits_for_Humanity

European space laboratory Columbus: http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Human_Spaceflight/Columbus

Participating particle accelerators:

CIMAP – Centre de Recherche sur les Ions, les Matériaux et la Photonique: http://cimap.ensicaen.fr/?lang=en

AGOR – Accélérateur Groningen-ORsay: http://www.rug.nl/kvi-cart/research/facilities/agor/

GANIL – Grand Accélérateur National d’Ions Lourds: http://www.ganil-spiral2.eu/?set_language=en

HIT – Heidelberg Ion-Beam Therapy Center: https://www.klinikum.uni-heidelberg.de/Welcome.113005.0.html?&L=1

PTC – Protonen Therapie Dresden: https://www.uniklinikum-dresden.de/de/das-klinikum/kliniken-polikliniken-institute/universitaets-protonen-therapie-dresden

TIFPA - Trento Institute for Fundamental Physics and Applications: http://www.tifpa.infn.it/

Images, Text, Credits: ESA/NASA/Gabi Otto/GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH/ATG medialab.

Best regards, Orbiter.ch

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