jeudi 25 janvier 2018

Space Station Science Highlights: Week of Jan. 15, 2018









ISS - Expedition 54 Mission patch.

Jan. 25, 2018

After the successful return of 4,100 pounds of science and cargo aboard the SpaceX Dragon this past weekend, the crew living and working on the International Space Station returned to scientific operations as they began the second week of January. As crewmembers continued to prepare for an upcoming spacewalk, they also explored research in the fields of human research, education and plant biology.


Animation above: NASA astronaut Mark Vande Hei photographed the petri plates for the Petri Plants-2 investigation. Animation Credit: NASA.

Take a look at some of the science that happened this week aboard the orbiting laboratory:

Cardiac and Vessel Structure and Function with Long-Duration Space Flight and Recovery (Vascular Echo) examines changes in blood vessels and the heart, both in space and on Earth. The results may provide insight into potential countermeasures to help maintain crewmember health, and quality of life for those on Earth. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) astronaut Norishige Kanai completed scans of his neck, thigh, portal vein, and heart, followed by blood pressure measurements.

The Non-invasive Assessment of Intracranial Pressure for Spaceflight and Related Visual Impairment (IPVI) investigation studies changes to crewmembers’ eyes and optic nerves by analyzing arterial blood pressure and blood flow to the brain before and after spaceflight. This investigation uses non-invasive methods to measure intracranial pressure, rather than commonly-used, more invasive methods. This week, a crewmember took front and side photographs to check for any facial swelling, followed by a conference with ground experts.


Animation above: NASA astronaut Joe Acaba conducts an Arthrospira-B reservoir exchange. Animation Credit: NASA

The NanoRacks-DreamUp Xtronaut Crystal Growth (DreamXCG) investigation teaches students about the effects of microgravity on crystal formations using near-identical flight kits flown and operated aboard the space station. With access to crew videos and data, students are able compare crystal formations in space to those in their classrooms. The investigation aims to promote STEM fields to the next generation of students. This week, the crew used dissolved sugar crystals in two pouches and transferred sugar water into the pouches with seeded dowels.

Plants cultivated in microgravity look mostly normal, but space-grown plants have a number of distinct features compared to plants grown in comparable habitats on Earth, most notably in the way their roots grow. The Characterizing Arabidopsis Root Attractions-2 (CARA-2 or Petri Plants-2) investigation studies the molecular signals that can cause these changes, including the genetic underpinnings of how a plant senses the direction of gravity. Results may improve efforts to grow plants in microgravity on future space missions, enabling crews to use plants for food and oxygen, and give a deeper understanding of how plants may survive on Earth in extreme conditions. Using the light meter in the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM), the crew took light intensity measurements before NASA astronaut Mark Vande Hei transported the plates to photograph, showing that the plants have germinated as expected.


Image above: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) astronaut Norishige Kanai works on the Synchronized Position Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellites (SPHERES) Tether Slosh experiment, that uses two SPHERES robots tethered to a fluid-filled container covered in sensors to test strategies for safely steering spacecraft such as dead satellites that might still have fuel in the tank. Image Credit: NASA.

Other work was done on these investigations: EIISS, SPHERES Tether Slosh, Biochemical Profile, AMS-02, Repository, Meteor, DOSIS-3D, MagVector, Circadian Rhythms, Transparent Alloys, ACME, Rodent Research-6, Microbial Tracking-2, Lighting Effects, Airway Monitoring, Space Headaches and Arthrospira-B.

Related links:

Vascular Echo: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=1664

IPVI: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=1690

DreamXCG: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=7610

(CARA-2 or Petri Plants-2: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=2006

EIISS: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=7565

SPHERES Tether Slosh: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=7381

Biochemical Profile: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=980

AMS-02: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=729

Repository: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=954

Meteor: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=1174

DOSIS-3D: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=177

MagVector: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=1070

Circadian Rhythms: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=869

Transparent Alloys: https://www.eusoc.upm.es/transparent-alloys/

ACME: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=1651

Rodent Research-6: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=7423

Microbial Tracking-2: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=1663

Lighting Effects: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=2013

Airway Monitoring: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=1067

Space Headaches: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=174

Space Station Research and Technology: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/index.html

International Space Station (ISS): https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/main/index.html

Animations (mentioned), Image (mentioned), Text, Credits: NASA/Erling Holm/John Love, Lead Increment Scientist Expeditions 53 & 54.

Best regards, Orbiter.ch

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