jeudi 25 août 2016
Internaut Day and the World Wide Web
CERN - European Organization for Nuclear Research logo.
August 25, 2016
Image above: Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web, pictured in 1994. In front of him shows a computer displaying an early version of the web. (Image: CERN).
Internaut day is being celebrated around the world on 23 August to mark the invention of the World Wide Web. An “internaut” is a person who possesses a thorough knowledge of how to use the Internet and its history. But what is the history of the web?
In March 1989, CERN scientist Tim Berners-Lee wrote a proposal to develop a distributed information system for the Laboratory. By December 1990, the world's first website and server were ready to go live at CERN. At that time, the World Wide Web enabled scientists to share information across the world; the source code was later released into the public domain in April 1993.
Image above: A statement outlining the release of the World Wide Web into the public domain in April 1993. (Image: CERN).
Although 23 August does not mark an exact anniversary in the creation of the web, it does give an opportunity to appreciate the ease of communication that it provides and how it has become vital in our everyday lives.
CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, is one of the world’s largest and most respected centres for scientific research. Its business is fundamental physics, finding out what the Universe is made of and how it works. At CERN, the world’s largest and most complex scientific instruments are used to study the basic constituents of matter — the fundamental particles. By studying what happens when these particles collide, physicists learn about the laws of Nature.
The instruments used at CERN are particle accelerators and detectors. Accelerators boost beams of particles to high energies before they are made to collide with each other or with stationary targets. Detectors observe and record the results of these collisions.
Founded in 1954, the CERN Laboratory sits astride the Franco–Swiss border near Geneva. It was one of Europe’s first joint ventures and now has 22 Member States.
Find out more about the many important milestones of the birth of the web: http://home.cern/topics/birth-web
World's first website: http://home.cern/about/spotlight/2013/restoring-first-website
For more information about the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), visit: http://home.web.cern.ch/
Images (mentioned), Text, Credits: CERN/Kathryn Coldham.
Best regards, Orbiter.ch
Publié par Orbiter.ch à 15:54