Childbirth in space logo.
April 28, 2021
Here the seventeenth (at the request of the author, this article is published before part 14) article of a series of articles by Ph.D. Morozov Sergey Lvovich, expert in chronology and calendar systems, as well as space biology and medicine, Parliamentarian of Asgardia (AMP) the first space Nation.
Ph.D. Morozov Sergey Lvovich
The question of pregnancy and childbirth in zero gravity
American astronauts Nancy Davis and Mark Lee flew STS 47 in 1991 in the same crew. They got married allegedly "secretly" from the leadership of NASA to the flight into Earth's orbit. Spent their first honey week in space. After three years, they parted. There were no children.
(About the families of cosmonauts and astronauts. Vasily Lesnikov) https://proza.ru/2015/03/04/625
According to NASA, sexual dysfunction in male astronauts who worked in zero gravity on the shuttle was observed in 63% of cases, and in women - in 80%.
Of the 45 American women who have been in orbit, none of them have subsequently managed to become pregnant and give birth. Why?
It is believed that in orbit in women in the absence of Earth's gravity, the course of menstruation is disturbed - menstrual blood is not evacuated from the uterine cavity through the vagina and can enter the abdominal cavity through the fallopian tubes, which, as a rule, is complicated by peritonitis.
Therefore, with the help of hormonal contraceptives, menstruation is blocked for the entire flight (criterion of hormonal sterilization or hormonal imitation of pregnancy).
But this tends to increase blood clotting in female astronauts and have an increased risk of thrombosis after 3-4 months of continuous use of these hormonal contraceptives. There is an absolute limit to the use of these hormonal drugs (thrombus formation criterion).
Specifically on the ISS in 2018, flight engineer-astronaut Serena Aunyon-Chancellor developed a blood clot in one of the vessels of the neck, which created great problems with a threat to the life and health of the astronaut.
She immediately wanted, probably, to be urgently evacuated to Earth for free. As a pretext, the toilet on the American segment of the ISS was apparently broken. By all indications, it turned out that it was broken by the woman who was the last to enter the serviceable booth. The name of this woman astronaut is Serena Aunion. Further, she allegedly made a scandal for her American crew, concluding with his speech that "she immediately wants to get home from this disgusted station." Then someone drilled a hole on the Russian segment of the ISS and an air leak began. The hole was found and repaired.
Image above: Space crew members while in orbit (2018). Serena Auñon is the extreme woman on the right. photo: NASA.
A recently published work by scientists from King's College London in npj Microgravity explores a very important but often overlooked topic of hygiene for female astronauts. Researchers have studied the issue of stopping menstrual flow by medication during space flights.
Traditionally, during long missions, female astronauts take a combination of pills called combined oral contraceptives. It is a hormonal drug that suppresses the onset of menstruation by inhibiting the development and release of the egg.
For research missions in the near future, which will last at least three years, women will need to take about 1,100 tablets with them, and this is the additional weight on the ship and the complexity of disposing of the packaging during the flight, where every extra gram will count.
The proposed space calendar is very convenient for women who use contraceptive pills in space, since it has exactly 28 days in each month (see the Asgardia website).
All birth control pills are designed for a 28-day cycle
All combined oral hormonal contraceptives are taken cyclically. The duration of the cycle is equal to one obstetric (lunar) month, and is 28 days. The cosmic calendar in this regard is an ideal purely "feminine" calendar. https://ananinv.ru/rekomendacii-po-primeneniyu-kontraceptivov
It works in automatic mode simultaneously, in parallel, at once in all time zones of the Earth with an accuracy of the seventh decimal place in the range of up to milliseconds.
It is synchronized by an atomic clock and is designed to operate autonomously on all objects in outer space for internal time synchronization between them with a high degree of accuracy.
However, for long flights (a year or more), these hormonal drugs are undesirable, both by the criterion of thrombus formation and by the criterion of hormonal sterilization, which can become irreversible, that is, the reproduction of eggs in an astronaut by her own ovaries can subsequently be completely suppressed or inadequate.
For this reason, women are practically absent among the "record holders" for the duration of their stay in space in zero gravity. There is only one exception.
Christina Hammock Koch is the only female astronaut in the world who has been in space in zero gravity for 328 days 13 hours 58 minutes (10.9 months) in 2020.
NASA Astronaut Christina Hammock Koch. Image Credit: NASA
Without artificial earth-level gravity, most likely, in space, the permanent residence of women in microgravity (weightlessness) conditions is physically impossible, that is, de facto, it is almost impossible to continue the human race as a species, without creating Homeostatic arks (stationary and mobile) with an artificial earth level. gravity.
Normal cyclical ovarian function (known as "menses") appears to be impossible without normal gravity at Earth's level. The suppression of their activity by hormones (hormonal sterilization) is harmful to the woman's body and her fertile function and blood clotting processes.
Fertility is a term that refers to the ability to reproduce healthy offspring. It also applies to a man, but most often the term is mentioned when talking about female reproductive capabilities.
Prolonged hormonal sterilization is likely to lead to permanent infertility, an increased risk of blood clots and death (from stroke or heart attack). It is quite significant that practically no female astronaut, after several long flights into space, was unable to get pregnant and give birth.
There is a high risk of pathological infertility, early menopause and aging, as well as cancer of the female reproductive system.
Elon Musk's project. Interplanetary reusable transport ship Starship - as one of the "engines" of space industrialization of the XXI century
In the Elon Musk project: the Starship interplanetary reusable transport ship is not a mobile main ship - since it does not have a common shipboard artificial gravity system.
It is not intended for permanent residence in space. This is a purely transport reusable passenger (for 100 passengers) or a purely transport reusable cargo or tanker version (or a combined reusable transport-cargo-passenger) spacecraft of a fundamentally new universal servicing reusable transport class, conventionally called by us - the Mercury class.
The passengers of this ship are in a state of microgravity (weightlessness) in the main phase of flight between some two objects.
In principle, I. Mask's transport reusable ship can successfully accommodate short-radius unloading centrifuges. They are inferior: it is difficult to deliver on them. But they are not intended for this. This is a simple, useful private solution for long-haul flights for crew members and passengers. https://youtu.be/9pfg7pfAGKw
In its role, Elon Musk's transport ship is similar to an airplane on Earth. It is fundamentally necessary for servicing the space settlements of civilization that reside permanently in the Universe on the GC (stationary and mobile).
There is a spectacular concept of a transport ship with artificial gravity "under Elon Musk", but not Elon Musk himself (SpaceX Starship with artificial gravity concept. This is an unofficial concept created by us and not SpaceX or Elon Musk.) - https://youtu.be/Nk7BjoDtCpM. But Elon Musk's attitude towards him is unknown.
SpaceX Artificial Gravity Starship concept. This is an unofficial concept created by us and not SpaceX or Elon Musk.https: //www.youtube.com/watch? V = Nk7BjoDtCpM. Apr 16 2021.
SpaceX Artificial Gravity Starship concept
In this classification, the Earth belongs to stationary GCs with a natural gravity of 1.0 g. Therefore, the Earth does not need to add artificial gravity through the gravitational effect of centrifuges.
The Earth in the truest sense of the word is the "cradle" of humanity. In this cradle, humanity was born as a species. But one cannot live forever in this cradle, since it itself is not eternal by definition. About this K.E. Tsiolkovsky wrote directly back in 1912 (from the book Outside the Earth, 1920):
"Humanity will not remain forever on Earth, but, in pursuit of light and space, at first it timidly penetrates beyond the atmosphere, and then conquers the entire solar space."
"The planet is the cradle of the mind, but you cannot live in the cradle forever."
Elon Musk's project: Starship interplanetary reusable transport ship
Were there any attempts to conceive a person in space (?)
(Alina Ilizarova Space pregnancy. 30.05.2019.https://medaboutme.ru/articles/kosmicheskaya_beremennost/)
(Andrey Stepanov. 2016 - 02 - 25 09:00:00. Sex and human reproduction in space. https://glagolas.livejournal.com/138412.html).
(Dmitry Mart. Seeds from space. The famous scientist Galina Nechitailo told how they were obtained. ih-poluchali-606eb558ddcafc70a93eb7e6).
According to indirect data, there were allegedly attempts to conceive a person in orbit. So, for example, on the shuttle "Discovery" in 1984, a two-seat centrifuge (short radius?) Was allegedly installed to simulate gravity, in which two astronauts had to copulate in order to obtain a conception of a child in space conditions. It was allegedly about astronauts Judith Resnick and Richard Mallein.
It is known that the astronaut Judith Reznik immediately after landing was urgently taken to the hospital with uterine bleeding, where she was treated for two months. Reznik herself explained this by stress and overload.
Finally, the flight fee for Reznik and her alleged sex partner Mallein was allegedly $ 200,000 more than the rest of the Discovery crew received. It is no longer possible to find out anything from Reznik herself - she died in 1986 in an explosion after the launch of the Challenger shuttle.
Judith Resnick and Richard Mullein - Crew of Discovery in 1984
In the USSR, as a research cosmonaut, Svetlana Savitskaya flew in 1982 on the Soyuz T-7 spacecraft and the Salyut-7 orbital station. For the first time in history, a mixed crew was aboard the spacecraft: cosmonauts Leonid Popov and Alexander Serebrov went into orbit together with Savitskaya.
Savitskaya Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR (1982), the only woman-cosmonaut Twice Hero of the Soviet Union (1982, 1984).
Irina Pronina, cosmonaut, backup for Svetlana Savitskaya
It was planned that Irina Rudolfovna Pronina, Savitskaya's backup during the 1982 flight, would also fly into space in 1984, but she was replaced by a man - Alexander Serebrov. After this flight, a real scandal erupted in the press.
Cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya
The French newspaper Le Figaro wrote an article saying that the Soviet cosmonauts set up an experiment and tried to have sex in space. Partner Savitskaya, according to the publication, was one of her colleagues.
Image above: The crew of the Salyut-7 orbital station: Leonid Popov, Alexander Serebrov, Svetlana Savitskaya. Image source: website 24smi.org
This sensational information was allegedly provided to the newspaper by some "high-ranking officials in the space industry of the USSR." However, the Soviet side did not comment on this information in any way, and Savitskaya herself always categorically refused to talk on this topic.
Image above: Svetlana Savitskaya was the first woman in the world to go into outer space (spacewalk).
Before conceiving for the first time in orbit, many animal experiments were done. So, for example, on the ISS they tried to grow newts from caviar. Normally, the eggs are divided first into 2 cells, then 4, then 8, etc. And in orbit, instead of 4, it turned out 3, or instead of 8 - 5. These are gross developmental disorders. Even then, it was assumed that in a person this would lead to spontaneous abortion in the early stages, that is, to miscarriage.
Gravity obviously creates a key developmental gradient in embryogenesis - "head-legs", along which the entire process of embryogenesis takes place from conception to the birth of a full-fledged individual.
The probable reason for the failure of experiments with embryogenesis is the absence of gravity, which is necessary for the formation of the cell cytoskeleton and the division spindle. Roughly speaking, without gravity, cells cannot understand which of them will become the "head" and which will become the "back" (or "tail") of the future individual.
Image above: Pilot-cosmonaut, twice Hero of the Soviet Union Alexei Leonov and Doctor of Biological Sciences, head of biological programs at orbital stations at RSC Energia Galina Nechitailo discuss upcoming biological experiments in orbit.
In NASA, therefore, it is forbidden for women to make space flights in zero gravity in a state of pregnancy received on Earth. Female astronauts are specially tested for latent pregnancy 10 days before the flight.
Weightlessness, as a physiological state, cannot be considered "normal" in any of the parameters. This condition is abnormal. Pregnancy and childbirth proceed normally only under conditions of gravity, either in a natural form on Earth, or in an equivalent artificial form on the GC.
Pregnancy and childbirth in zero gravity is a question that is more reminiscent of an extreme situation today, the consequences of which cannot be predicted in advance. (Ogneva I.V., Guryeva T.S., Sychev V.N., Orlov O.I. Embryological research in space // Aerospace sphere. 2021. №1 (106) P. 34-43).
Image above: Children born in a stationary GC on the Moon are likely to become. the first real space people in the history of civilization...
Read soon: Exodus of civilization into space - Comparison of plans of NASA and Roscosmos. Part 14
Colonization of the Moon - The source of the power, wealth and power of civilization in the Universe. Part 17.3
Space manned industrialization of the XXI century - the golden age of civilization. Part 17.2
Exodus of civilization into space - Humanity's strategy to create stationary and mobile Homeostatic arks. Part 17.1
Exodus of civilization into space - Tsiolkovsky Galactic State. Part 9
Exodus of civilization into space - Symbol of the End of the XXI century. Part 8
Exodus of civilization into space - Stopping the process of increasing value added. Part 7
Exodus of civilization into space - The sixth socio-economic formation of civilization. Part 6
Exodus of civilization into space - Space man. Part 5
Exodus of civilization into space - Biological End of the World. Part 4
Exodus of civilization into space - Geochronological Ice Ages, periods, eras. Part 3
Exodus of civilization into space - Astrophysical End of the World. Part 2
The ideology of space expansion - Space calendar. Part 1
About Ph.D. Morozov Sergey Lvovich: https://zen.yandex.ru/media/id/5fbb90753e3ad265054f930a/ob-avtore-kanala-5fbd2bf80b4af80149fb12c2
Original article in Russian on Zen.Yandex:
Asgardia website: https://asgardia.space/
Author: Ph.D. Morozov Sergey Lvovich / Zen.Yandex. Editor / Translation: Roland Berga.
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